Mount Sinai Opens New Center for Tic and Obsessive-Compulsive Disorders - Times Union
The opening coincides with a significant revision in the psychiatry field’s manual of mental disorders, which will now recognize OCD with its own category, rather than classifying it as an anxiety disorder. The opening coincides with a significant revision in the psychiatry field’s manual of mental disorders, which will now recognize OCD with its own category, rather than classifying it as an anxiety disorder. DTOR also anticipates changes in the upcoming DSM 5 manual, which makes OCD, currently listed under anxiety disorders, a separate mental disorder category. Adjacent to the new clinical space, DTOR researchers will study OCD and tic disorders and their relationship to each other using a variety of approaches, ranging from genetic analyses to functional brain imaging. Other studies underway at Mount Sinai aim to identify specific genetic factors that play a role in the inheritance of tics, TD, and OCD; to evaluate changes in levels of a neurotransmitter called GABA in the brain of patients with TD; and to investigate changes in brain networks related to TD and OCD. Barbara Coffey, MD, MS, Director of the Tics and Tourette’s Clinical and Research Program, gives one example of these co-existing disorders: “Approximately one-third of children with Tourette’s disorder continue to suffer from moderate to severe symptoms in adulthood, and most Tourette’s patients also present with other psychiatric disorders including OCD and ADHD.” Due out in May 2013, DSM-5, which provides a common language and standard criteria for classification of mental disorders, will include a separate category of disorders that contains OCD and so-called related disorders such as Body Dysmorphic Disorder, which involves repetitive body checking, Trichotillomania, which is compulsive hair pulling, and Hoarding Disorder. Mount Sinai is one of just 12 integrated academic medical centers whose medical school ranks among the top 20 in NIH funding and by U.S. News & World Report and whose hospital is on the U.S. News & World Report Honor Roll.